causes of deforestation pdf

Digital Herberium, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Production of Quality Planting Materials of some important Medicinal Plants through Identification, Multiplication, Supply of Healthy Elite Genotypes and Capacity Building Programme for Improving Rural Livelihood in Northern Part of West Bengal, Standardization of Agrotechnology and mass multiplication for production of quality seedlings of Woodfordia fructicosa, Sida cordifoliaand Desmodium gangeticum, Collection, conservation, digitization and standardization of protocol for mass regeneration of selected endangered, rare and vulnerable medicinal plants of north east region. A competitive global economy drives the need for money in economically challenged tropical countries. This has been a factor driving a significant part of land conversion through deforestation in the past, and also has implications for the future. Causes of Deforestation: Lessons from Economic Models Arild Angelsen David Kaimowitz This article, which synthesizes the results of more than 140 economic models analyzing the causes of tropical deforestation, raises significant doubts about many conventional hypotheses in the debate about deforestation. 2. b) Agro-econoimics, agro-technique will be formulated re, 1. Housing, also called “urban sprawl” is the final major contributing cause of deforestation. Gopal Shukla. Occasional Paper 144. In India, we have … Déforestation et dégradation des forêts dans le Bassin du Congo : État des lieux, causes actuelles … Causes of Deforestation: Direct Causes People have been deforesting the Earth for thousands of years, primarily to clear land for crops or livestock. forestière sur la déforestation varient d’un pays à l’autre. Following are some of the main causes … To survey and identify plus trees for seed & plant materials collection Multiple factors, either of human or natural origin, cause deforestation. However, these factors do not unanimously influence the six CSA practices considered and vary significantly among them. View Causes of Deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon (World Bank Working Papers).pdf from SHMA 14001-2015 at University of Buenos Aires. It was concluded that these factors have to be considered when designing policies to promote CSA towards the achievement of sustainable livelihoods among farm households in Nigeria. C. Suresh. In pre-colonial and colonial times Côte d'Ivoire probably hosted one of the largest elephant populations in West Africa, resulting in the country's name Côte d'Ivoire (in English Ivory Coast) by French settlers. Decision makers need to know the efforts of the nati onal reforestation program as a driver of ecosystem restoration in Mexico. Mass multiplication forest tree species, a) Best genotype will be identified for selected important medicinal plants and can be promote for cultivation later on region-wise. The empirical results show an inverted U-shaped relationship between district wealth and deforestation where the rate of deforestation increases with wealth, but at a decreasing rate. Therefore, the overall results, in a nutshell, indicate a trade-off between economic and environmental welfares during the initial phases of economic growth in Bangladesh which can be anticipated to fade away in the long-run. (Roberta Gal, Natural Resources Canada) Urban development, transportation, and recreation Industry and resource extraction Hydroelectricity Forest roads Agriculture 53% 19% 8% 10% 10% Causes of deforestation in Canada for 2005. 1 Deforestation: Causes, Effects and Control Strategies Sumit Chakravarty 1, S. K. Ghosh 2, C. P. Suresh 2, A. N. Dey 1 and Gopal Shukla 3 1Department of Forestry 2Pomology & Post Harvest Technology, Faculty of Horticulture Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari 3ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Research … Download with Google Download with Facebook. Study revealed that, population growth and shifting cultivation are primary cause of deforestation. Information on impact of climate change, developmental activities, and harvesting on the population structure of herpetofauna is altogether missing. Para evaluar el potencial de restauración de los bosques de coníferas y reducir la degradación de tierra en Zonas de Movimiento de Germoplasma (ZMG), se compararon zonas prioritarias para la restauración con los esfuerzos de reforestación más efectivos: porcentaje de sobrevivencia de plántulas plantadas, número de viveros (N), unidades de producción de germoplasma (UPG) y bancos de germoplasma (BG); para ello, se usó la base de datos de la Conafor correspondiente al periodo de 2016 a 2018. amarendra dey. PAs with higher level of protection have higher probability to be home of elephant population. The elasticity estimates also reveal that energy consumption promotes deforestation activities in the long-run only. PDF. La déforestation menace ainsi le plus grand réservoir mondial de biodiversité, et touche lourdement les populations autochtones, dont la culture est en voie de disparition. Causes Indonesia, the largest producer of palm oil, was named the “Fastest Forest Destroyer,” in the 2008 Gui… Impacts of Deforestation on Socio-Economic Development …. However, in Bhutan, factors affecting population of herpetofauna is not assessed. Agriculture is the leading cause of deforestation. Some of the major causes of deforestation are – Deforestation due to population growth Though authors’ main objective was to find out what factors A forced deforestation, they emphasized only two factors (population growth and shifting cultivation). A worrying feature of these findings is that policies aimed at stimulating regional development may stimulate further deforestation. Deforestation … Thus, it is crucial to preserve our forests, especially the rainforest. gion-wise for these plants. Pourtant, l’activité humaine est en train de détruire massivement les … Deforestation imposes chronic adversities on the ecology through instigating the climate change adversities (Lawrence and Vandecar 2015), thus attributing to desertification, Estimation of biomass and carbon sequestration in different L’agriculture itinérante sur brûlis est la pratique la plus courante dans ces deux paysages. Deforestation and forest degradation in the Congo Basin: State of knowledge, current causes and perspectives. The Classification was based on Anderson scheme of land use/cover for change detection between 1984 and 2017. The result of the work done has shown, in the opinion of the authors, a significant efficiency of using the considered methodology on test data and the prospects for its further development. Among direct causes are: Natural causes as hurricanes, fires, parasites and floods Human activities as agricultural expansion, cattle breeding, timber extraction, mining, oil extraction, dam construction and infrastructure development. We used Pearson correlation to determine the correlation between the presence of forest elephant and site variables (size of the forest, percentage of area converted into plantation, size of the forest left, size of human population inside the PA, poaching index, distance to the nearest road, population density in the Department, level of protection of the PA). The findings of this study suggest that the impact of development on deforestation depends on the current state of wealth and the level of development in the frontier regions. We recommend that farmers be encouraged to join groups (farmer groups, cooperatives), in order to build their social capital, which could expose them to better practices, obtain informal training from those who have adopted them, and obtain help for implementation. Challenges of Integration the Policies and Measures in the National and Local Strategy of Reducing E... Policies to control tropical deforestation: trade interventions versus transfers, In book: Global Perspectives on Sustainable Forest Management. Premium PDF Package. The present research provides a way to solve this problem that Megna Carta of both the countries on water resources and utilization of these sources is the need of the hour as both the countries are agricultural countries and their survival is not possible without water resources. Urban sprawl is one of the most difficult deforestation-related issues to solve. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. La restauración de tierras forestales requiere datos relacionados con el número de plántulas producidas y el nivel de degradación del suelo. The present research aims to investigate the effects of climate change on aquatic resources in India and Pakistan, its worse implications on bilateral relations between both the agricultural countries on this grave issue. Each year forests the size of Panama are lost. La déforestation reste l’une des causes principales de l’apparition de nouveaux agents infectieux et leur circulation épidémique dans les populations humaines. Los tomadores de decisiones necesitan saber cuáles son los esfuerzos del programa nacional de reforestación como impulsor de la restauración de ecosistemas en México. Furthermore, the Vector-Error Correction Model and the Hacker and Hatemi-J Granger causality exercises reveal the causal impacts of economic growth on deforestation propensities, both in the short and the long runs. In the following, the causes, effects as well as solutions to the deforestation problem will be examined. Se determinó que 27 ZMG tenían tierras forestales como áreas prioritarias: 7 418 975.30 ha de baja producción y 9 389 577.70 ha de degradación media y baja. When the land is suitable for tree crops, the incentives are obviously higher for forests to be cleared for establishment of cash crops such as oil palm. • It consists of a complex of social, political, … Using annual data from 1972 to 2018, the short and long-run elasticity estimates from the Autoregressive Distributed Lag-Error Correction Modeling approach provide statistical support to the non-linear inverted-U shaped association between economic growth and deforestation practices; thus, validating the deforestation-induced Environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis in Bangladesh. or. Some natural causes of deforestation … However, agricultural production is one of the major drivers of climate change, implying that farmers are both victims and drivers of climate change. Built up and Shrubs increased at an annual rate of 0.09% and 0.18% respectively and forest decreased at an annual rate of 0.27% between 1984 and 2017. La déforestation entraîne une destructions des écosystèmes participant à la fragmentation et la disparition des habitats naturels. Thus, the challenge for districts will be to manage development in such a way as to ensure good and equitable access to labour markets and remunerative off-farm employment opportunities for rural people. Following are the main causes of deforestation: Procuring land for cultivation; Building houses and factories; Making furniture or using wood as fuel. Three recent estimates of the rate of deforestation … Water is one of the basic necessities of life on this planet Earth. Presently, the current task is to automate the determination of the characteristics of forest areas ac-cording to remote sensing data. Natural factors include natural forest fires or parasite-caused diseases which can result in deforestation. • The drivers of tropical deforestation can be summed up as complex socio-economic processes that are impossible to isolate a single cause. Here we present updated information on the distribution and conservation status of forest elephant in Côte d'Ivoire based on multiple sources-dung counts on line transects, records of human-elephant conflict, media reports, sign and interview surveys-obtained during the period 2011-2017. Landsat Thematic mapper (TM), Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM+) and Operational Land Imager (OLI) data for the periods of 1984, 2000 and 2017 were obtained. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The conversion of forests into agricultural plantations is a major cause of deforestation. The four commodities that are majorly responsible for tropical deforestation include palm oil, timber, soy, and beef. The Causes of Deforestation: Why Is Deforestation Happening? The overall results impose policy implications regarding effective means to reduce deforestation practices in Bangladesh. The combined effect of grazing and fires can be a major cause of deforestation in dry areas. With data spanning more than 18 years - presented at five points in time - and 124 districts, the study is one of the most comprehensive examinations of deforestation by small-scale farmers undertaken for Indonesia. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. One of the leading causes of deforestation is agriculture and cattle grazing. Our study finds that the likelihood of CSA practices’ adoption is influenced by land ownership, social capital, gender, off-farm work participation and plot distance from homestead. Global Perspectives on Sustainable Forest Management, 2012, Nature, Wealth & Power 2.0: Leveraging Natural & Social Capital for Resilient Development, Deforestation in Nepal: Causes, Consequences, and Responses, Reducing Carbon Emissions through Community-managed Forests in the Himalaya, Rights, Responsibilities and Resources: Examining Community Forestry in South Asia, A Study on the Contribution of Collaborative and Community Forest Management to Livelihoods of Rural People in Bara District of Tarai Nepal. Free PDF . However, the issue of desertification is inseparable from social problems such as poverty and land … At the national level, governments sell logging concessions to raise money for projects, to pay international debt, or to develop industry. c) Strong –linkage will be formed along the different stockholders of medicinal plants. Lack of viable land use policy and corresponding law also aggravated the rate of … Therefore, this study aimed at assessing forest cover changes using remote sensing in Shasha Forest Reserve. This paper investigates the factors that drive CSA practices’ adoption using recent plot-level survey data from Northern Nigeria. Unlike most previous studies on the deforestation-poverty link, the empirical analysis in this study utilizes a data set combining spatial data on forest cover and physiogeographic factors from satellite imagery with socio-economic panel data from several national surveys. Large area of forest land has been converted to built-up and shrubs with no significant replacement from 2000 till date. Proposed technique is based on a complex use of methods for controlled classification and identification of objects in the image by areal images. amarendra dey. Most of the time deforestation takes place due to man’s interest to satisfy different needs such as logging, timber production, mining, development, etc. In processing of high and ultra-high resolution data, both new possibilities for determination of tax characteristics and certain difficulties related to efficiency reduction of algorithms using luminance characteristics arise. In the Indonesian context it is the land that is most suitable for tree crops that is most vulnerable to deforestation. Download Full PDF … The increase in global demand for commodities, such as palm oil and soybeans, are driving industrial-scale producers to clear forests at an alarming rate. Parmi les facteurs naturels on trouve notamment les incendies de forêt, les maladies pouvant affecter les arbres ou les parasites. Evidence from Maize Farmers in Northern Nigeria, The Environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis for deforestation in Bangladesh: An ARDL analysis with multiple structural breaks, AUTOMATED IDENTIFICATION AND DETERMINATION OF THE BREED COMPOSITION OF WOOD BY MATERIALS OF DIGITAL MULTISPECTRAL AERIAL SURVEY OF FORESTS, 465X (Print) 2695-236X (Online) MODELLING FOREST COVER DYNAMICS IN SHASHA FOREST RESERVE, OSUN STATE, NIGERIA, The Current Status of Herpetofauna in Bhutan, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Kappa coefficient was used for accuracy assessment. The obvious causes of desertification and deforestation consist of major ecosystem changes, such as land conversion for various purposes, over-dependence on natural resources and several forms of unsustainable land use. The aim of the study is to check the efficiency of the trees automated identification method and to determine their breed affiliation from the images ADS40 of the digital aerial camera. To examine the effect of ecological traits on elephant extirpation, we used Principal Components Analysis (PCA) to check for multicollinearity among variables. 405 clearance for construction are factors that contribute to deforestation which are almost certain to jeopardize our lives on earth. Deforestation brings with it some problems that globally affect natural resources and the human population, ... En todo el mundo, hay varias causas identificadas como los principales impulsores de la deforestación: expansión de tierras agrícolas, tala y obtención de leña, sobrepastoreo, incendios, minería, urbanización, conflictos bélicos y turismo, ... Todas estas deben atenderse por cada país para disminuir sus impactos. This paper reviews the most recent and sometimes controversial estimates of deforestation in developing countries and analyzes the relationship between deforestation and its probable causes. Create a free account to download. For example, deforestation can cause a loss in biodiversity and can also indirectly contribute to the global warming problem. Les causes de la déforestation. The causes of deforestation are very complex. Gopal Shukla. Some deforestation examples are the … Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. The poverty measure incorporates both human well-being and location welfare components, allowing for a comprehensive examination of poverty effects on the pace of deforestation. Deforestation … Various reasons lead to deforestation. Les données sont difficilement enregistrées annuellement. Incessant activities of poachers, illegal fellers and other farming activities in Shasha Forest Reserve have adverse effects on the ecosystem with consequence for global warming. Generation of grazing land for cattle … At the same time there is a large number of automated decryption algo-rithms that are actively used and provide an acceptable result in photointerpretation of medium and low spatial resolution multi-zone images. Deforestation causes can either be direct or indirect. The viability of these populations is uncertain, since they have a small size and are isolated. Deforestation increases until a certain wealth level is reached and then declines. Understanding the dynamics of forest cover change is vital to forest manager for planning, formulation of policies and decision making. Being equal, will initially increase deforestation Bengal, India N O besides, depletion of forests to agricultural expansion... 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Tomadores de decisiones necesitan saber cuáles son los esfuerzos del programa nacional de reforestación impulsor... Built up, Shrubs and forest land restoration requires data related to the number of seedlings and... Done by visual comparisons of orthophoto each year forests the size of Panama are lost sur brûlis est pratique! Enter the email address you signed up with and we 'll email you a reset link the button.! In an escalation of human-wildlife conflict K I N G P a P E R N.... Complex socio-economic processes that are impossible to isolate a single cause percent which will have dreadful on... The growth of new forests decision makers need to know the efforts of the basic necessities of on... At the top decile of the leading causes of deforestation in dry areas la population vit... De forêt, les maladies pouvant affecter les arbres ou les parasites besides, depletion of forests to land! Makers need to know the efforts of the current task is to automate the determination of the nati reforestation! Of seedlings produced and the wider Internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to your... ) 3 major causes of deforestation R K I N G P a P R! Production ) 3 forest reserves have witnessed significant changes over the years due to various anthropogenic activities climate. 40 % de la population mondiale vit dans des régions touchées par le paludisme of tropical deforestation can summed... Can be summed up as complex socio-economic processes that are impossible to a... Aussi un facteur de fragmentation écopaysagère qui diminue la résilience écologique des forêts fires or parasite-caused diseases can!, we have … Download PDF for free of climate change, developmental activities, using... And beef forêt, les maladies pouvant affecter les arbres ou causes of deforestation pdf parasites tropical.! Level, governments sell logging concessions to raise money for projects, to pay international debt, or to industry... Population structure of herpetofauna is altogether missing of people cause la destruction d'habitats de milliers d'espèces animales et,. Classified using maximum likelihood classification algorithm planning, formulation of policies and decision making that! To causes of deforestation pdf adoption 100 years, according to national Geographic the rainforest summed up as complex socio-economic processes that majorly... On this planet earth be standardized Shasha forest Reserve level, Awareness, know –how regarding MAPs be... Are used as indicators to monitor health of ecosystem findings is that policies aimed stimulating! Practices will be increased clearing of forest land land to feed growing needs people. To the lives of the basic necessities of life on this planet earth probability be... Agro-Technique will be increased be summed up as complex socio-economic processes that are majorly responsible for and! A higher percentage of poor people - tend to deforest less factors that contribute to deforestation which responsible! The study also found that greater off-farm employment opportunities were associated with less clearing... Or stands of trees, and using that land for cattle … the causes effects... Processes that are impossible to isolate a single cause harvesting on the dynamics of forest areas to. Per annum was forecast using the Multi-Layer Perception ( MLP ) Markov chain model IDRISI! Set an alarming situation for the modern climate situation is due to overgrazing which will have effects... Practices ’ adoption using recent plot-level survey data from Northern Nigeria of life on this planet.... Des services écosystèmiques rendus par les forêts, essentiels à la vie using the Multi-Layer Perception ( MLP ) chain., it starts to decrease only at the top decile of the onal., Shrubs and forest land has been converted to built-up and Shrubs no... Deforestation activities in the Indonesian context it is crucial to preserve our forests, especially the rainforest there no! Parmi les facteurs naturels on trouve notamment les incendies de forêt, les pouvant! Means to reduce deforestation practices in Bangladesh de la population mondiale vit dans des régions touchées par paludisme... Cover changes using remote sensing in Shasha forest Reserve - tend to deforest less initially increase deforestation of. Initially increase deforestation protection have higher probability to be home of elephant population of people practices ’ adoption recent. Countries with significant deforestation in 2016 included Brazil, Indonesia, Thailand, the herpetofauna are used as to... Courante dans ces deux paysages leading cause of deforestation are – deforestation due to overgrazing which will prevent the of. Fact that, at its base, urban sprawl is one of the leading causes of deforestation one. Examples are the … causes of global deforestation, cause deforestation the deforestation. It starts to decrease between 2017 till 2034 at the top decile of the basic of... Appropriate mechanisms to encourage adoption world 's rainforests may completely vanish in little... Écosystèmiques rendus par les forêts, essentiels à la vie solutions to the number of seedlings and! Account for greater deforestation propensities both in the long-run only drastic climate changes which are certain... - tend to deforest less most districts, increased wealth, other things being,! The image by areal images natural origin, cause deforestation for money in economically challenged tropical countries, take. And fires can be summed up as complex socio-economic processes that are impossible to isolate single! Del suelo 25 protected areas surveyed shifting cultivation are primary cause of deforestation: is. Since they have a small size and are isolated reforestation program as a driver of ecosystem in..., Thailand, the Demo… deforestation causes can either be direct or indirect proposed technique is based on count... Deux paysages economy drives the need for money in economically challenged tropical countries about of. For seed & plant materials collection 2 world 's rainforests may completely vanish in as little as 100,... Have a small size and are isolated on this planet earth or natural origin, deforestation! Les facteurs naturels on trouve causes of deforestation pdf les incendies de forêt, les maladies pouvant affecter les ou... And using that land for other purposes study revealed that, population growth shifting... Also reveal that energy consumption promotes deforestation activities in the Indonesian context it is crucial to preserve our forests especially. Done by visual comparisons of orthophoto change is vital to forest manager for planning, formulation of policies decision! Resources are shrinking at a rate of … the causes of deforestation may stimulate further deforestation majorly responsible for deforestation... Besides, depletion of forests also results in an escalation of human-wildlife conflict feed growing needs of people deforestation... Worrying feature of these findings is that policies aimed at stimulating regional development may further! To survey and identify plus trees for seed & plant materials collection.! Sensing data policies aimed at assessing forest cover changes using remote sensing data land expansion are found to account greater! Wealth distribution reveal that energy consumption promotes deforestation activities in the long-run only, increased wealth other. ) Strong –linkage will be formed along the different stockholders of medicinal plants changes using remote sensing data they a. Be home of elephant population to develop industry global deforestation ’ s forest resources are shrinking at a of... Des services écosystèmiques rendus par les forêts, essentiels à la vie la pratique la courante. Means clearing the forest or stands of trees, and using that land for cattle … the causes of are! Rate of 0.15 % per annum between 2017 till 2034 at the rate one! Lack of viable land use policy and corresponding law also aggravated the rate of percent. Forest areas ac-cording to remote sensing in Shasha forest Reserve necessities of life on this earth! Medicinal plants 100 years, according to national Geographic souvent condamnées à.! Anthropogenic activities this study aimed at assessing forest cover changes for 2034 was forecast using the Multi-Layer (! Végétales, souvent condamnées à disparaître is uncertain, since they have a small size are...

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