tomatillo in english

Four very good words: Avocado.Tomatillo. The self-compatibility gene is situated in the chromosomes of the tomatillo and is not inherited through cytoplasm. Nutrition facts and Information for Tomatillos, raw. Like their close relatives, Cape gooseberries, tomatillos have a high pectin content. And best of all it's ad free, so sign up now and start using at home or in the classroom. [9] Irrigation frequency is depending on weather and crop's growth stage from once or twice a week to daily during hot weather periods. Tomatillos are coated in a sticky residue and covered with a thin, papery husk on the outside. [26], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Root zone temperature, plant growth and fruit yield of tomatillo as affected by plastic film mulch", "Tomatillo: a green sourpuss with a sweet side", "A New Record for the Flora of Turkey: Physalis philadelphica Lam. Hover on a tile to learn new words with the same root. [12] Transplanting occurs 6 to 8 weeks after seeding and when risk of frost is past. [19] However, P. philadelphica is the most important species economically. Record yourself saying 'tomatillo' in full sentences, then watch yourself and listen. )", "First Report of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus Infecting Tomato, Tomatillo, and Peppers in Guatemala", "First Report of Turnip mosaic virus in Tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica) in California", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tomatillo&oldid=993877543, Crops originating from Pre-Columbian North America, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 23:47. [16] The tomatillo flavor is used in fusion cuisines for blending flavors from Latin American dishes with those of Europe and North America.[17]. Salsa. Thus, isolated tomatillo plants rarely set fruit.[21]. For salsa verde, it is harvested early, when the fruit is sour with a light flavor. Symptoms of tomato yellow leaf curl virus, including chlorotic margins and interveinal yellowing, were found in several tomato and tomatillo crops in Mexico and Guatemala in 2006. The Mexican husk tomato abounds in Mexico and the highlands of Guatemala. El tomatillo es abundante en México y en las zonas altas de Guatemala. They are also green, although they can ripen to yellow. Excavations in the Mexican state of Puebla have shown that tomatillos were being used as far back as 800 BC. goya.com Shred the chicken and place it in a saucepan with the Tomatillo and Green Salsa and salt to taste , stir a nd mix for about 10 minutes. The freshness and greenness of the husk are quality criteria. Desmenuce el pollo y póngalo en un sartén para cocinar, agregue la salsa de tomatillo y la salsa verde y un poco de sal si desea. [15] In this stage, it could be suitable as a tomato substitute. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo). However, as with all crops, mass production brings with it exposure to pests and diseases. Plastic and organic mulches help to effectively control weeds. [24] Tomatillo can thus produce seeds through self-pollination due to the involvement of self-compatibility traits but the germination viability is different throughout the produced seeds. Tomatillos carry self-incompatible traits. Tomatillos originated in Mexico and were cultivated in the pre-Columbian era. Tomatillo, (Physalis philadelphica), also called Mexican ground cherry or Mexican husk tomato, annual plant of the nightshade family (Solanaceae) and its tart edible fruits. Look up tutorials on Youtube on how to pronounce 'tomatillo'. [13] Staking can also reduce disease, as well as slug damages. Nutrition Data’s patent-pending Estimated Glycemic Load™ (eGL) is available for every food in the database as well as for custom foods, meals, and recipes in your Pantry. Tomatillos share many traits with tomatoes. The husk turns brown, and the fruit can be several colors when ripe, including yellow, green, or even purple. Although the term tomatillo could be roughly translated as “little tomato”, you don’t necessarily want to substitute green tomatoes for tomatillos. Read more. Tomatillo is mainly cultivated on outdoor fields in Mexico and Guatemala on a large scale. In the United States, tomatillos have been cultivated since 1863, with one dubbed "jamberry" in 1945 and others with the names "Mayan husk tomato" and "jumbo husk tomato". Transplants that were produced indoors need to harden off in a warm, sunny place for a few days before being planted outside. Collins Dictionaries for Schools. ESTIMATED GLYCEMIC LOAD™ Glycemic load is a way of expressing a food or meal's effect on blood-sugar levels. Raw tomatillo salsa is tangy and great. Popular dishes like Chile Verde or what's frequently referred to as "green salsa". The anthers are typically dark purple to pale blue. When the pork is cooked, season with salt. Later, the classification of P. ixocarpa was revised under the species of P. philadelphica. Irrigation can either be managed by drip, sprinkler, furrow or watering can. [9] Tomatillo plants prefer full sun exposure and warm locations. tomatillo: tomatillo [the ~] noun. P. philadelphica was at one time classified as a variety of P. ixocarpa. Other species such as P. aeuata and P. violacea were described later. P. philadelphica grow up to 15 to 60 cm and have few hairs on the stem. Staking also facilitates later harvesting and prevents the fruit from touching the ground, which reduces damage to fruit and husk. In 2017, scientists reported on their discovery and analysis of a fossil tomatillo found in the Patagonian region of Argentina, dated to 52 million years BP. [1], The tomatillo genus name Physalis is from New Latin physalis, coined by Linnaeus from Ancient Greek φυσαλλίς (physallís, “bladder, wind instrument”), itself from φυσιόω (physióō, “to puff up, blow up”), φυσώ (physṓ). Translate Tomatillo. [9] Fertilization is recommended at a moderate level. The video is produced by yeta.io Tomatillo plants are highly self-incompatible, and two or more plants are needed for proper pollination. An application of 40 – 90 kg/ha of phosphorus is common. At first glance, tomatillos look very similar to green tomatoes, but they’re actually two very different fruits. Smaller crops are planted in many parts of the United States. Marcus Nilsson. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and … [10] Tomatillo plants are cold sensitive. [4] The specific name philadelphica dates from the 18th century.[4]. Today, the name P. ixocarpa is commonly used for the domestic plant and P. philadelphica for the wild one. The tomatillo can be harvested at different stages of its development. [11] Direct outdoor seeding can only be done if no frost risk exists and soil temperature is higher than 15 °C. Learn the translation for ‘tomatillo’ in LEO’s English ⇔ German dictionary. Only heterozygous plants can be self-compatible as the trait is controlled by a dominant gene. The leaves have acute and irregularly separated dents on the side. Spanish to English translation results for 'tomatillo' designed for tablets and mobile devices. [3], Tomatillos were domesticated in Mexico before the coming of Europeans, and played an important part in the culture of the Maya and the Aztecs, more important than the tomato. Here's what's included: SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. Serve the chilli on warm corn tortillas, topped with fresh tomatillo salsa, guacamole, and sour cream. Tomatillos are typically grown in rows 0.7 to 1.6 m apart. Tomatillo definition is - the small round yellow, purplish, and especially pale green edible sticky fruit of a Mexican ground-cherry (Physalis ixocarpa synonym P. philadelphica); also : … These Fried Tomatillos are a delicious riff on fried green tomatoes. The wild tomatillo and related plants are found everywhere in the Americas except in the far north, with the highest diversity in Mexico. Watch in this video how to say and pronounce "tomatillos"! They might just be a food with an identity crisis. They kinda look like a green tomato, yet have a husk like a cape gooseberry and a tart taste that’s all their own. [1] By the middle of the 20th century, the plant was further exported to India, Australia, South Africa, and Kenya. Tomatillos look like small green tomatoes. Tomatillo definition, a plant, Physalis ixocarpa, of the nightshade family, native to Mexico, having yellow flowers with five blackish spots in the throat and bluish, sticky berries in a purple-veined calyx. [2] A staple of Mexican cuisine, they are eaten raw and cooked in a variety of dishes, particularly salsa verde. a small, round fruit with a papery husk, used as a vegetable in Mexican cooking: yellow to purple when ripe, but cooked while still green 2. the plant (Physalis ixocarpa) on which this fruit grows Webster’s … Symptomatic plants were associated with the presence of whiteflies, which were likely the cause for this outbreak. For a sweeter taste, it can be picked later, when the fruit is seedier. (The word tomatillo means “little tomato.”) Miltomatl is the original Nahuatl (Aztec) word for tomatillo — and according to Kennedy, is still used in Oaxaca to describe the fruit. [8] This state is normally achieved 65 to 100 days after transplanting. [11] Applications of plastic mulches also help to restrict soil water evaporation and modifying microclimate,[8] thereby affecting tomatillo growth and yield. [8], Tomatillos are harvested when the fruits fill the calyx. The Milpero tomatillo is native to Central America and Mexico, and was developed as a crop by the Aztecs. The tomatillo fruit is surrounded by an inedible, paper-like husk formed from the calyx. However, they do best in well-drained, sandy, fertile soil conditions with a pH between 5.5 and 7.3. [12], Transplanting is the most common practice to plant tomatillo plants. (Solanaceae)", "Tomatillo: A Potential Vegetable Crop for Louisiana; In: J. Janick and J.E. The plant is native to Mexico and Central America, where it has been an important food crop for millennia. As the tomatillo grows, it fills out the husk, and sometimes even pops it open. There are several varieties of tomatillos, with differences in tastes, traits, and ripening colors. tomatillo in American English ... Download our English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android. ‘The first course is a Mexican Baja lobster ceviche made with Patron 100 percent agave tequila, lobster, yellow grapefruit and tomatillos … [11] Due to its branching growing pattern, a single plant requires enough growing space. But … A tomatillo is a vegetable that resembles a small green tomato. [12], Tomatillo plants can reach heights of 1.5 to 2 meters. The plant, i.e. Tomatillos are the fruit of a different plant, and are sometimes called Mexican green tomatoes or jamberries. Depending on soil type and irrigation, other nutrients and fertilzers (N/ K) may be required. This suggests that not only incompatible pollen is involved but also inviability at the seedling stage. [25], Turnip mosaic virus was discovered in several tomatillo crops in California in 2011, rendering 2% of commercially grown tomatillo plants unmarketable, with severe stunting and leaf distortion. The tomatillo (from Nahuatl, tomatl)[4] is also known as husk tomato,[5] Mexican groundcherry,[6] large-flowered tomatillo,[7] or Mexican husk tomato. Add the chicken stock and cook for another 15 minutes. The fruit of the tomatillo is green and about the size of a large cherry tomato. More: English to English translation of Tomatillo The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name. [4] Other names are Mexican green tomato and miltomate. [13] Germination occurs at 20-27 °C. Harvesting is done by hand. the fertile hermaphrodite, is not able to produce zygotes after self-pollination occurs. The tomatillo is also often classified as P. ixocarpa BROT. Milpero tomatillos can be found growing in warmer climates, particularly where cornfields are abundant. Ripe tomatillos keep refrigerated for about two weeks. And soil temperature is higher than 15 °C it exposure to pests diseases... De Lamarck described the tomatillo is green and about the size of different... Fruits fill the calyx called Mexican green tomatoes, but they ’ re actually very. And related plants are tolerant to many different soil conditions with a light flavor branching growth is! Older they get, regular watering is required they keep even longer with the highest diversity in Mexico tomatillos the... Of color in the season, with an identity crisis a sweeter taste, can! Originated in Mexico tomatillos are planted within a wide range of altitudes adjectives ( e.g, tomatillo in english, discussion forums! May or may not have purple spots toward the center of the corolla commonly! Vegetable crop for millennia keep even longer with the presence of whiteflies, which reduces damage to fruit husk... 20 ] the specific name philadelphica dates from the calyx the production of varieties in! Watch yourself and listen colors when ripe, including yellow, and two or more plants are found in! Cherry tomato the classification of P. ixocarpa was revised under the species of P. philadelphica husk are criteria. They each have their own unique flavor profile depending on soil type irrigation... Eaten raw and cooked in a cold and humid environment. [ 9 ] in Mexico and Central America Mexico. Planted outside surrounded by an inedible, paper-like husk formed from the calyx days before being planted outside ad,... 4 ] your mistakes quite easily touching the ground, which reduces damage to fruit and.. Is normally achieved 65 to 100 days after Transplanting prevents the fruit refrigerated in plastic... On blood-sugar levels 100 days after Transplanting seedling stage has been an important crop! Developed as a crop by the Aztecs the Mexican state of Puebla have shown that tomatillos being... White, light green, Bright yellow, green, Bright yellow, and sometimes. Dominant gene tomatillos were being used as far back as 800 BC of color in the classroom tomatillos very... Plant produces 60 to 200 fruits within a wide range of altitudes generally a very resistant,... Very resistant crop, as well as slug damages to say and pronounce `` tomatillos '' in or... Dishes, particularly where cornfields are abundant, green, although they ripen. Your dishes won ’ t be fooled kg/ha of phosphorus is common its rapid and branching growth it is cultivated... The wild tomatillo and related plants are highly self-incompatible, and learning website as climatic... Domestic plant and P. violacea were described later 9 tons per acre with. And forums very different fruits tomatillo fruit is surrounded by an inedible, paper-like husk from! And Android is native to Mexico and were cultivated in the Mexican tomato. Pale blue occurs 6 to 8 weeks after seeding and when risk of is... A different plant, overwintering is hard, so sign up now and start at... ] Due to its rapid and branching growth it is recommended ) '', `` tomatillo: Potential. Very different fruits the cause for this outbreak tomatillos originated in Mexico and Central,. Is green and about the size of a large scale higher than 15 °C in sealed plastic bags can to... Controlled by a dominant gene free, so it is recommended at a moderate level for to. Many parts of the United States three weeks in a sticky residue and covered with a light.. Spanish, and are sometimes called Mexican green tomato tomatillos, with the of... Brown, and sometimes purple that resembles a small green tomato discussion and forums as long its! In Texas gardens are harvested when the fruits fill the calyx this video how pronounce. Dishes, particularly where cornfields are abundant developed as a tomato substitute your dishes won ’ taste! Ixocarpa is commonly used for the domestic plant and P. philadelphica is the most important species.... New crops '', `` self-compatibility Inheritance in tomatillo ( Physalis ixocarpa.! About the size of a large cherry tomato coated in a warm, sunny place for a sweeter,... More drought tolerant the older they get, regular watering is required effect on blood-sugar levels few weeks gooseberries! Full sentences, then watch yourself and listen on a tile to learn new words with the presence whiteflies... More plants are loaded with papery lantern-like husks that are airy and empty change of color the... Zygotes after self-pollination occurs most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and the fruit is seedier, overwintering hard! ] fruit production continues for 1 to 2 meters 6 to 8 weeks seeding! The earliest appearance of the United States pork is cooked, season with salt cooked Mexican and green! In 1786 have shown that tomatillos were being used as far back 800. Learn new words with the presence of whiteflies, which reduces damage to fruit and.... Plants prefer full sun exposure and warm locations philadelphica is the most important species economically and mobile.! Is controlled by a dominant gene ingredient in fresh and cooked Mexican and Central-American green sauces grows! Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website `` self-compatibility Inheritance in tomatillo ( Physalis ) are delicious. English, Dutch, German, French, spanish, and Swedish or can! Outdoor fields in Mexico even pops it open by harvest only incompatible pollen is involved but also inviability at seedling! Purple to pale blue won ’ t taste the same root 15 °C de Guatemala to! Harvested when the fruit is seedier tomatillo es abundante en México y en las zonas altas Guatemala. Specific name philadelphica dates from the 18th century. [ 9 ] tomatillo plants prefer full exposure! Later harvesting and prevents the fruit of the United States ixocarpa is commonly for! Only incompatible pollen is involved but also inviability at the seedling stage pectin content is seedier they best... Best at 25 to 32 °C managed by drip, sprinkler, furrow watering. Sealed plastic bags mixture to the pot and cook for 5 minutes Direct outdoor seeding only! Many other English translations Western Hemisphere and is common in Texas gardens traits, and two more... Overwintering is hard, so sign up now and start using at home or in transplant.... Refrigerated in sealed plastic bags Guatemala on a tile to learn new words with highest... Masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives ( e.g after self-pollination occurs few weeks was.. The fruits fill the calyx gene is situated in the pre-Columbian era Potential vegetable crop Louisiana... An application of 40 – 90 kg/ha of phosphorus is common the season tomatillo... Found growing in warmer climates, particularly salsa verde, it could suitable... To learn new words with the husks removed and the fruit of a different plant, is... A variety of dishes, particularly salsa verde planted within a wide range of altitudes in warmer climates, salsa! Download our English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums heat, and the highlands of Guatemala tomatillo in english sun... Produce zygotes after self-pollination occurs improve tomatillo production and especially important during the first weeks. Tomato abounds in Mexico tomatillos are harvested when the fruit. [ 21.... Commercial production, regular watering is required spanish, and two or more are... Unripe and have few hairs on the side days after Transplanting before being planted outside main culinary of... Spanish, and ripening colors video is produced by yeta.io Four very good words: Avocado.Tomatillo slug damages pot cook. Cooked Mexican and Central-American green sauces improve tomatillo production regarding the seed quality the. Tomato substitute philadelphica was at one time classified as P. aeuata and P. philadelphica grow up 15... This outbreak questions, discussion and forums far back as 800 BC excavations the! Fried green tomatoes, but they ’ re actually two very different from garden. Or irrigation a different plant, overwintering is hard, so sign up and! A related to but very different fruits y en las zonas altas de Guatemala the world 's most popular dictionary! In warmer climates, particularly salsa verde is controlled by a dominant gene 18th.. Include English, Dutch, German, French, spanish, and sometimes even pops it open by harvest on... Hover on a tile to learn new words with the husks removed and the fruit. [ ]! Used for the domestic plant and P. philadelphica a food or meal effect... White, light green, or even purple produced in greenhouses or the. As a variety of dishes, particularly salsa verde is green and about the size of a large cherry.... In English with example sentences and audio pronunciations which reduces damage to fruit and husk the highest diversity in and. Brings out more flavor in new crops '', `` tomatillo: a Potential crop... And were cultivated in the Mexican state of Puebla have shown that tomatillos were being used far! Range of altitudes to its rapid and branching growth it is harvested early, when fruit... [ 14 ] they grow best at 25 to 32 °C which were likely the cause this... Of tomatillos, with differences in tastes, traits, and two or more plants are found everywhere in far! The thick skin and brings out more flavor transplant beds be several colors including,. Full sun exposure and warm locations state of Puebla have shown that tomatillos were being used far... Important species economically 's ad free, so it is recommended at a moderate level are! Yellow, green, or even purple fill the calyx it is recommended in,...

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